Battery Electric Vehicle Charging Standards


Title Description

ANSI C12.32

Electricity Meters for the Measurement of DC Energy

GB/T 20234

Connection Set for Conductive Charging of Electric Vehicles

Part 1: General Requirements

Part 2: AC Charging Coupler

Part 3: DC Charging Coupler

Part 4: High-power DC Charging Coupler (WIP)

(Note: Same as Mennekes connector with male and female portions of the connector reversed)

IEC 61851

Electric vehicle conductive charging system

Part 1: General requirements

Part 21-2: Electric vehicle on-board charger EMC requirements for conductive connection to AC/DC supply

Part 21-2: Electric Vehicle Requirements for Conductive Connection to an AC/DC Supply – EMC Requirements for Off Board Electric Vehicle Charging Systems

Part 23: DC electric vehicle charging station

Part 24: Digital communication between a D.C. EV charging station and an electric vehicle for control of D.C. charging

Part 25: DC EV supply equipment where protection relies on electrical separation

(Note: Additional parts under development – Part 3-1,-2,-3,-4)

IEC 62196

Plugs, socket-outlets, vehicle connectors and vehicle inlets - Conductive charging of electric vehicles

Part 1: General Requirements

Part 2: Dimensional compatibility and interchangeability requirements for A.C. pin and contact-tube accessories

Part 3: Dimensional compatibility and interchangeability requirements for D.C. and A.C./D.C. pin and contact-tube vehicle couplers


IEC 62196-3 AA (CHAdeMO)

IEC 62196-3 BB (GB/T)

IEC 62196-3 EE (CCS1)

IEC 62196-3 FF (CCS2)


IEC PAS 62840

Electric vehicle battery swap system

Part 1: General and guidance

Part 2: Safety requirements

Part 3: Particular safety and interoperability requirements for battery swap systems operating with removable RESS/battery systems

IEEE P2030.1.2

Standard Technical Specifications for Ultra-High-Power Electric Vehicle Chargers




National Electrical Code/Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace

OPPCharge (IEC 61851-23 and ISO/IEC 15118)

Similar to SAE J3105-1:
1. Charging at Stops, indoor and outdoor
2. Charging at depots

SAE J1772

SAE Electric Vehicle and Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Conductive Charge Coupler


Single Phase AC Charging Only and CCS1 DCFC
   - Level 1 = 120V, 12-16A
   - Level 2 = 208-240V, max 80A
   - DC L1 = 50-1000V, max 80A
   - DC L2 = 50-1000V, max 400A

SAE J2293

Energy Transfer System - requirements for on and off board charging equipment

1 - power requirements and system architecture for AC conductive, DC conductive, and inductive charging
2 - communications requirements and network architecture

SAE J2836

 Instructions for Using Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Communications, Interoperability and Security Documents (Informational Report)

SAE J2847

Communication Standards for EV Charging

Part 1A: Digital Com. For PEVs

Part 2: Com. for PEVs and off-board DC chargers

Part 3: Com. for PEVs as a distributed energy source

Part 6: Com. for wireless power transfer between LDVs and charging stations

SAE J2894

Power Quality Requirements for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Chargers

SAE J2931

Digital Communications for Plug-in Electric Vehicles

SAE J2953

Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Interoperability with Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)

Part 1: PEVs and EVSE

Part 2: Testing Procedure

Part 3: Test Cases

Part 4: Charge Rate Reporting

SAE J2954

Wireless Power Transfer for Light-Duty Plug-in/Electric Vehicles and Alignment Methodology  
L1 - 3.7kW
L2 - 7.7kW
L3 - 11kW

SAE J2954-2

Wireless Power Transfer & Alignment for Heavy Duty Applications
Anticipated between 50 kW and 500kW

SAE J3015

Voltage: 250-1000V
   - L1 - 600A for max 350 kW
   - L2 - 1500A for max 1.5 MW

L1 and L2 need to be interoperable

Limited to specific parking angles
   - slope of street
   - angle from curb
   - tilt from side to side

SAE J3105-1

EV Bus Charging (On and Off Route) for Infrastructure Mounted Cross Rail

SAE J3105-2

EV Bus Charging (On and Off Route) for Vehicle Mounted Pantograph

SAE J3105-3

EV Bus Charging (On and Off Route) for Enclosed Pin and Socket

SAE J3068

References IEC 62196-2 and -3 to describe connector, essentially equivalent to the Mennekes Type 2 Connector but has been modified to fit electric grid standards in NA market (EU uses 230V and 400V)

AC charging would use Type 2, DC would use CCS2, alternative could be CCS1

AC (Standard 63A or 100/120/160A, all 3 Phase current)
   - 120-208V
   - 277-480V
   - 347-600V
DCFC - 1000V

SAE 3271

Megawatt Charging System

Under development, Goal: greater than 1MW charging system

Tesla (Proprietary)


2012 - 250A, 480V
2020? - 350kW Max Power
TBD - Megacharger for MHDVs